Article Talk Read Edit Delete


Public documents such as judgments, birth certification, patents or notarial attestations of signatures, frequently need to be used abroad. However, before a public document can be used in a country other that the one that issued in, its orgin must often be authenticated. The traditional method for authenticating public documents to be used abroad is called legalisation and consists of a chain of individual authentications of the document.

A large number of countries all over the world have joined a treaty that greatly simplifies the authentication of public documents to be used abroad. This treaty is called the Hague convention of 5 october 1961 abolishing the requirement of legalisation for foreign public documents. Where it applies, the treaty reduces the authentication process to a single formality: the issuance of an authentication certificated by an authority designet by the country where the public document was issued. This certificate is called an Appostille.

An Appostille is a certificate that authenticates the orgin of public document. Appostilles can only be issued for documents issued in one country party to the Apostille Convention and that are to be used in other country which is also a party to the Convention.

Apostille is needed

You will need an Apostille if all of the following apply:

*) the country where the document was issued is party to the Apostille Convention; and

*) the country in which the document is to be issued is party to the Apostille Convention; and

*) the law of the country where the document was issued considers it to be a public document; and

*) the country in which the document is to be used requires an Apostille in order recognise it as a foreign public document.

An Apostille may never be used for the recognition of a document in the country where that document was issued- Apostilles are strictly for the use of public documents abroad.

This page was last modified on 20 November 2020 at 05:56.

Total number of written articles in Encyclopedia: 817;

Baltic Legal[w] solely sponsorship.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details.

Business encyclopedia© is a trademark of the Baltic Legal attorney, a profit legal enterprise.

Baltic Legal (law office): Contact Us