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Immigration (derived from Latin migratio) is the act of people entering and settling in a state or region to which they are not native. There can be many reasons for immigration, including political, economic, poverty, natural disaster, family re-unification or tourism.

Residence permit

A residence permit is a document that gives a foreign citizen the right to temporarily (a temporary residence permit) or permanently (a permanent residence permit) stay in the Republic of Latvia.This document is executed in the form of visa and pasted in the passport indicating the person’s name, surname and the identity number.

A residence permit is needed if you want to stay in the Republic of Latvia or in Schengen area for more than 90 days in a six-month period.

A temporary residence permit gives a foreigner the right:

*) to stay in the Republic of Latvia for a period of time not exceeding five years;

*) to freely cross borders of EU Member States and non-EU countries;

*) to move and stay up to 90 days within the territory of other EU countries except for the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyprus, Bulgaria and Romania;

*) to obtain a Latvian or EU permanent residence permit after five years;

*) to obtain temporary residence permits for the spouse and children.

Latvian Migration law provides possibilities for foreign investors to obtain residence permit through investments.


A visa is a document showing that a person is authorized to enter or leave the territory for which it was issued, subject to permission of an immigration official at the time of actual entry. The authorization may be a document, but more commonly it is a stamp endorsed in the applicant's passport. Some countries do not require a visa in some situations, such as a result of reciprocal treaty arrangements. The country issuing the visa typically attaches various conditions of stay, such as the territory covered by the visa, dates of validity, period of stay, whether the visa is valid for more than one visit, etc.

Visa issued by Schengen Area memberstate commonly is called as Schengen Visa.

Reasons for migration

More and more people are leaving their homes, hoping to find a better place to live elsewhere. The increase in global mobility enables an ever-growing number of people to reach distant countries or other continents.

The reasons for migration are poor living conditions, violence and armed conflicts, environmental problems, a lack of economic perspectives and the growing gap between rich and poor countries.

Most states protect the interests of the native population by means of strict immigration legislation, for example, requirement to obtain residence permit.

Read more about possibilities for foreign investors to obtain residence permit through investments.

This page was last modified on 20 November 2020 at 05:57.

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